ACADEMIC LANGUAGE This site developed by WIDA provides the Guiding Principles of Language Development that informs the WIDA Standards. See the online video and support resources.

WEBINAR: Orientation to Teaching Academic Language to ELs, Gordon and Keppler, IRC

PowerPoint Presentation Teaching Vocabulary and Academic Discourse Margarita Calderón, PhD Professor Emerita, Johns Hopkins University Excellent explanation of Tier 1, 2, and 3 vocabulary, plus strategies.

WORD LEVEL Link to the Vocabulary Page



JG Sentence Prompts for thinking, argument and evidence.doc

J. Gordon often uses these frames in workshops. This link provides word versions. The frames are for grades 3-12 focusing on thought processes, plus argument and evidence. For frames for younger students, and/or students with lower proficiency, see other options below.

JG Sentence Prompts for thinking, argument and evidence-1.pdf PDF version of previous document.

Sentence Frames to Express 6 Essential Comprehension Skills The frames, differentiated for ELD levels by color, are prepared by the Positive Engagement Project which prepares free resources for educators.

Sentence Frames for Reading Strategies Select Sentence Frames in Related Files. This is a link from a teacher's website to 35 pages of sentence frames, including levels of Blooms Taxonomy.

School serves many ELLs. See great differentiated additional resources in the sidebar, listed below the heading, not on the page.

Sentence Frames for Reading Strategies.pdf
Sentence Frames for Reading Strategies.pdf
Sentence Frames for Reading Strategies. PDF file of the previous resource.

**Sentence Frames Reference Sheet for Integrating ELD in Content Areas** Organized by language function with frames and additional signal words for each function.

Math Sentence Frames WIKI sponsored by California Technology Assistance Project (CTAP) Region 1 and the Lake County (CA) Office of Education.

Summary Frames A helpful one page resource of summary frames students can keep in their binder.

Summary Frames Forms and Paragraphs This site by IL SD 214 provides language support that is helpful for ELLs.

Sentence Frames for ELLs This link was shared by Ann Paternostro IPSD 204


Introduction to language differences

The pages on this subsite contain descriptions of the most significant differences between English and 16 other languages. Note the discussion of "interlanguage" rather than "interference" or "negative transfer".
"Some researchers claim that most mistakes are consistent with the learner's developing rule system, called an interlanguage, and are due to faulty inferences about the target language rather than to interference from the first."

ELLs and Academic Conversations 3-part video series

"In this new series, created in partnership with Oakland Unified School District, we delve into three classrooms where English Language Learners (ELLs) are engaged in academic conversations. From talk moves to participation protocols, these teachers share clear structures that encourage students to talk and learn from each other. Inspired by Jeff Zweirs and Marie Crawford’s book Academic Conversations,teachers at OUSD are working on building the oral language skills of all students.

Academic Discussion Continuum of Teacher Practice (At a Glance Version)

Continuum is informed by Zwiers and Crawford (2011), LAUSD’s Quality Teaching and Learning rubric (ELL and Multilingual Achievement Office, Oakland Unified School District)

VERBAL DISCOURSE ELEMENTARY VIDEOS Some great examples of students in meaningful, challenging, academic discourse.

A search for "Accountable Talk" videos will provide many examples.

Kate Kinsella Professional Development Learning Videos

Get into the Act! Professional Learning Video Presentation Series, lecture, video, classroom resources

Word Generation Link to outstanding free resources.

FREE Quality Vocabulary Resources for teaching the academic toolkit words that are used across the curriculum. The program was designed for Junior High, but is appropriate for ELL in high school. Word Generation in Boston Public Schools: Natural History of a Literacy intervention, Catherine Snow and Joshua Lawrence.